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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20\i Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1182\margr5240\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1182\margrsxn5240\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li349\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 CONQUESTS : SOUTHERN & FRONTIER KINGS 243}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li680\fi0\ri76\sb227\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Kottura near Mahendragiri." But it may be \expndtw12 questionel, as not more than one stronghold \expndtw0 has been mentioned in case of each king in the \expndtw3 inscription.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20\i\pvpara\phcol\posnegx155\posnegy468\absw479\absh-494\dfrmtxtx40\dfrmtxty58 {\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 (vii) (viit)}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20\i\pvpara\phcol\posnegx302\posnegy1645\absw0\absh-277\dfrmtxtx40\dfrmtxty58 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 (V)}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li734\fi-436\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 (w) Damana of Erandapalla (Erandapalli, near Chica-\expndtw7 cole in the Ganjam district). \expndtw-2 Visnugopa of Kaiici (Conjeeveram, near Madras). \expndtw7 Nilaraja of Avamukta : The Hathlgumpha ins\-\expndtw4 cription indicates that Pithunda, near Godavari, \expndtw9 was the capital of the Ava country or people. \expndtw8 Hastivarman of Vcngi (Pedda-vegi in Ellore). \expndtw4 Ugrasena of Palakka (Nellore district). \expndtw2 Kubera of Dcvarastra (Yellamancili in the Viza-\expndtw5 gapatam district).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li745\fi0\ri40\sb7\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Dhananjaya of Kusthalapura (Kuttalur in North Aieot).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi490\ri7\sb104\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 According to the identifications, given above, Samudragupta's campaigns were limited to the eastern \expndtw6 coast of the Dekkan. There is, however, nothing to \expndtw4 support Prof. Jouveau-Dubreuil's suggestion that the \expndtw1 invader was defeated by a confederacy of the southern \expndtw2 kings under the leadership of Visnugopa of Kanci, and \expndtw-1 that Samudragupta was forced to retreat homeward post\-\expndtw-2 haste.\super 1\nosupersub  On the other hand, if we accept the identifications, \expndtw2 proposed by Fleet and Smith, of Korala, Erandapalla, \expndtw0 Palakka, and Devarastra with Kerala (Malabar coast), \expndtw2 Erandol in Khandcsh, Palghat or Palakkulu, and Maha-\expndtw-2 rastra respectively, Samudragupta must have advanced as \expndtw1 far as the Cera kingdom in the extreme south and return\-\expndtw3 ed to his capital by way of Maharastra and Khandesh.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li32\fi468\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 The military activities of Samudragupta overawed \expndtw7 the tribes and the frontier kings, who accordingly \expndtw2 "gratified his imperious commands. by paying all kinds \expndtw-1 of taxes, obeying his orders and coming to do homage."\super 2}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li418\fi0\ri0\sb212\sa0\tx547 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw1 A.ntient History of the Deccan \i0 (1920), p. 61.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li418\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx547 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw1 cf.}\par }